What Are Terpenes and Why Should I Care?

Terpenes are the essential oils that are responsible for the unique aromas produced by plants. Sweet smelling terpenes attract insects for cross pollination, while terpenes with pungent smells scare away predators and prevent them from feeding on plants. The latter is the primary function of terpenes in cannabis plants.

That being said, research is now revealing that terpenes are of great use and have health benefits for the human body. Cannabis plants contain over 200 different terpenes, about a dozen of which have been investigated for therapeutic benefits. When combined with cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD) or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) the healing benefit is even greater.

What Is the Entourage Effect?

Initially, scientists believed that taking cannabinoid isolates as pure THC or CBD was the most effective cannabis treatment option. Now, though, scientists know that this healing effect plateaued at a certain level beyond which no further therapeutic benefit was added, even when dosage was increased.

A study that was led by Dr Mechoulam later showed that full-spectrum extract helped to overcome this plateau. The researchers concluded that full spectrum cannabis extract, which contains extra cannabinoids and terpenes, produced a healing effect that was more powerful and lasted longer than that of pure CBD isolates.

This discovery has forced scientists to look more closely at terpenes, the most significant of which are listed below.

Limonene

You can find the word lime in limonene, which makes sense considering they share some characteristics.

Limonene is a terpene found in abundance in the rinds of lemons, oranges, and limes. It smells like limes, and its scent is relaxing and uplifting. Additionally, it is commonly added to cosmetics and cleaning agents as a fragrant additive.

Limonene has a number of therapeutic benefits in that it’s antibacterial, antifungal, stress relieving, and mood enhancing. Lastly, it is also used as a natural insecticide.

Pinene

You will notice that the names of many terpenes hint at both their characteristics and where they tend to be found. Pinene is commonly found in pine trees and smells of pine needles, and it’s in herbs such as basil, parsley, rosemary, and dill. It’s also found in conifer trees and turpentine.

Pinene is an antiseptic and a strong bronchodilator, as such it may help to relieve symptoms of asthma. It also crosses the blood brain barrier and helps to improve memory, thus countering THC’s effect on short term memory.

Myrcene

Myrcene is the most abundant terpene in most cannabis strains. It gives cannabis its distinct skunk-like aroma. It is also found in mangoes, thyme, lemongrass, and hops, and has sedative and anti-inflammatory effects.

Linalool

Linalool is a terpene with a floral aroma. It’s commonly used in aromatherapy as a mood elevator, sedative, and antidepressant.

Caryophyllene

Caryophyllene is a peppery terpene that is commonly found in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and spices such as oregano and basil. It also happens to be the only terpene that binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain. Additionally, Caryophyllene is commonly used in anti-inflammatory creams.

Lastly, recent research has shown that this terpene can be used in alcohol rehabilitation, as it helps treat alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

Alpha-bisabolol

Alpha-bisabolol is another terpene with a pleasant floral aroma that is found in chamomile flowers and candeia trees. It is mostly used in the cosmetics industry for its pleasant scent, but can also be used to treat wounds due to its antibacterial properties.

Eucalyptol

This terpene is commonly found in the eucalyptus tree. It has a minty aroma along with analgesic, antibacterial, and antifungal effects. Lastly, recent research has shown that this terpene may help relieve symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

Humulene

Humulene is commonly found in hops and it is commonly used in beer fermentation. Its aroma is woody, or earthy, and research into the anti-cancer benefits of Humulene is ongoing. It is also helpful in reducing inflammation and fighting bacterial infections.

Camphene

Camphene is another terpene that smells like damp woodlands, and as such is frequently mistaken for Myrcena. When combined with vitamin E, it functions as a powerful antioxidant.There are about a dozen more terpenes whose therapeutic characteristics are being researched. As more studies are done, the use of terpenes in medicine will gradually become more and more streamlined.

How to Spot Fake CBD Hemp Flower

The CBD industry is worth billions of dollars and is growing at a staggering pace. It's new, it's ...
Read More

What is Shake? A Guide to Hemp/CBD Shake

In simple terms, shake is the small bits of hemp flowers that gather at the bottom of the ...
Read More

Is Hemp Oil the Same Thing as CBD Oil?

In some contexts, the phrase hemp flower oil and CBD oil can be used interchangeably, and to some ...
Read More

Can I Use Hemp Flower To Quit Smoking

CBD has been touted, incorrectly, as a cure for everything, so when it comes to curing tobacco addiction ...
Read More

Can You Fly with CBD Hemp Flower?

The rapid growth of the legal hemp industry has created a lot of legal conundrums and consumer problems, ...
Read More

How To Store CBD Hemp Flower

Let's say you've just harvested or purchased a large quantity of hemp flower, now what? You can't smoke ...
Read More

What to Do with CBD Hemp Flower

CBD hemp flowers are incredibly versatile, and there are many ways to get your daily dose of terpenes ...
Read More

What is a Hemp Pre-Roll? A Guide

A hemp pre-roll is a ready-made joint that is packed, rolled, and sold by a dispensary or online retailer. These products are ...
Read More

Is Hemp Flower Legal? State by State Guide

The United States is gradually becoming more accepting of cannabis and hemp flowers, with states like Colorado and California leading the way. However, as is so often ...
Read More

A Guide to Cannabigerol (CBG): Health Benefits, Cost, and Production

Cannabigerol (CBG) is one of hundreds of compounds found in the cannabis plant. CBG is a precursor compound that begins ...
Read More

The Difference Between Hemp & Marijuana

Botanically speaking, hemp and cannabis are the same, as both are varieties of Cannabis Sativa. However, the law makes ...
Read More

Is Hemp Flower Legal?

This may come as a surprise to many, but hemp flower is legal in the US. That being ...
Read More

Can You Mix CBD Flower with THC Flower?

The hemp industry has advanced at a phenomenal pace over the last few years, going from a relatively ...
Read More

CBD Coffee

What is CBD coffee and why has it become so popular? A combination of CBD and coffee presents ...
Read More

CBG vs CBD: Which One is Best for You?

Since the passing of the Farm Bill in 2018, the hemp industry has exploded, turning this historic and ...
Read More

Can I Use CBD Gummies Alongside Hemp Flower?

If you're only just started taking CBD and have inadvertently eaten some gummies soon after smoking flowers, let's ...
Read More

List of CBD and CBG Hemp Strains

Since the passing of the Farm Bill in 2018, the US hemp industry has exploded. Breeders from Oregon to Kentucky have put ...
Read More

Hemp Flower (Delivery Method) Defined

There are a number of ways to consume hemp flower .... Hemp flowers are a great source of ...
Read More

Does CBD Hemp Flower Get You High?

This is one of the most common questions regarding CBD. It comes as no surprise, though, as it’s ...
Read More

A Guide to CBD Moon Rocks

If hemp flowers aren't strong enough for you and kief simply doesn't cut it, CBD moon rocks could ...
Read More

Comparing Different Grades of Hemp Flower

Since the 2018 Farm Bill, millions of Americans have been introduced to the benefits of smokable hemp flowers, ...
Read More

All About Cannabis Terpenes: Types, Benefits, Concentrations

The fragrance and taste of cannabis strains are dictated by terpenes, unique compounds that work in synergy with cannabinoids to provide more of the desired results. ...
Read More

How Does CBD Hemp Flower Make You Feel?

How does CBD flower make you feel? Is it relaxing, is it euphoric, and does it compare to ...
Read More

What is THC, THCA, THCV & THCVA

THC (TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL) Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the only known intoxicating phytocannabinoid found in Marijuana that can alter the behavior, ...
Read More

Hemp Flower FAQs: Troubleshooting Smokables

The 2018 Farm bill heralded the golden age of hemp and CBD. It introduced millions of previously wary ...
Read More

Popular Hemp Strains

About Smokable Hemp

Smokable Hemp brings you a comprehensive selection of best hemp flower all in one place. We do the foot work so you don't have to. By purchasing through one of our partners you help support our work. Thank you. More about affiliate marketing.

Disclaimer: According to The American Lung Association, inhaling smoke of any kind is considered harmful to the lungs, regardless if it’s coming from cigarettes, hemp flower or campfire.

Copyright © 2021 | Smokable Hemp